Kerry members of BirdWatch Ireland currently believe there to be only two breeding pairs of Curlew left in the county.
Survey work commissioned by the National Parks and Wildlife Service, undertaken by BirdWatch Ireland with the help of the public, located just 122 pairs of breeding Curlew across the country.
This represents a 97% decline in numbers over the past 40 years.
Jill Crosher of the West Kerry Branch of BirdWatch Ireland said with so few Curlews left, unmanaged burning is having a detrimental effect on the species in Kerry which is now close to extinction.
The Department of Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs has announced it’s establishing an extinction task-force to bring the Curlew back from the brink.